Chloroquine has been sporadically used in treating SARS-Co V-2 infection. Hydroxychloroquine shares the same mechanism of action as chloroquine, but its more tolerable safety profile makes it the preferred drug to treat malaria and autoimmune conditions. Chloroquine phosphate and prime Administration with chloroquine Chloroquine phosphate uses Plaquenil help dry eyes Hydroxychloroquine is a 4-aminoquinoline with immunosuppressive, antiautophagy, and antimalarial activities. Although the precise mechanism of action is unknown, hydroxychloroquine may suppress immune function by interfering with the processing and presentation of antigens and the production of cytokines. Mechanism of action/Effect Antiprotozoal—Malaria Unknown, but may be based on ability of hydroxychloroquine to bind to and alter the properties of DNA. Also has been found to be taken up into the acidic food vacuoles of the parasite in the erythrocyte. Box 1 Main mechanisms of actions by hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine Hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine can inhibit certain cellular functions and molecular pathways involved in immune. Currently, there is no evidence to support the use of hydroxychloroquine in SARS-Co V-2 infection. We propose that the immunomodulatory effect of hydroxychloroquine also may be useful in controlling the cytokine storm that occurs late-phase in critically ill SARS-Co V-2 infected patients. Hydroxychloroquine sulfate mechanism of action APExBIO - Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate CAS# 747-36-4, Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate Drug Information, Professional Small bowel obstruction bowel obstruction take hydroxychloroquineKinds o generic hydroxychloroquine Mechanism of action. Hydroxychloroquine increases lysosomal pH in antigen-presenting cells. In inflammatory conditions, it blocks toll-like receptors on plasmacytoid dendritic cells PDCs. citation needed Hydroxychloroquine, by decreasing TLR signaling, reduces the activation of dendritic cells and the inflammatory process. Hydroxychloroquine - Wikipedia. Mechanisms of action of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine.. PLAQUENIL HYDROXYCHLOROQUINE SULFATE TABLETS, USP DESCRIPTION. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil® is a 4-amino-quinoline antimalarial medication that is widely used to treat systemic lupus erythematosus SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, and related inflammatory and dermatological conditions. It is a hydroxylated version of chloroquine, with a similar mechanism of action. Mechanism of action of hydroxychloroquine as an antirheumatic drug. Fox RI1. Author information 1Department of Rheumatology, Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation, La Jolla, CA 92037. The antimalarial agents chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine have been used widely for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Although its precise mechanism of action is unknown, hydroxychloroquine may suppress immune function by interfering with the processing and presentation of antigens and the production of cytokines. This agent is highly active against the erythrocytic forms of P. vivax and malariae and most strains of P. falciparum but not the gametocytes of P. falciparum.